Skip to Main Content

Publications and Resources: Blended Synchronous, HyFlex, Blended Learning

Research Articles and Books

Bralić, A., & Divjak, B. (2018). Integrating MOOCs in traditionally taught courses: achieving learning outcomes with blended learning. International Journal of Educational Technology in Higher Education, 15(1), 2. 


Dziuban, C., Graham, C.R., Moskal, P.D. et al. Blended learning: the new normal and emerging technologies. Int J Educ Technol High Educ 15, 3 (2018).


Elsenheimer, J. (2006). Got tools? The blended learning analysis and design expediter. Performance Improvement, 45(8), 26.


Feifei Han, Robert A. Ellis,. (2019) Identifying consistent patterns of quality learning discussions in blended learning, The Internet and Higher Education, 40, 12-19. 


Galvis, Á.H. Supporting decision-making processes on blended learning in higher education: literature and good practices review. Int J Educ Technol High Educ 15, 25 (2018).


Graham, Charles. (2019). 2019 HandbookDE Current Research in BL. Handbook of Distance Education, Routledge. 


Horn, M.B. and Staker, H. (2014) Blended Learning Definitions. From Blended: Using Disruptive Innovation to Improve Schools. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass 

Irvine, V., Code, J., & Richards, L. (2013). Realigning higher education for the 21st-century learner through multi-access learning. MERLOT Journal of Online Learning & Teaching, 9(2), 172–186. 

Karoglu, A. K., Kiraz, E., & Özden, M. Y. (2014). Good practice principles in an undergraduate blended course design. Egitim ve Bilim, 39(173).

Kerzic, D., Tomazevic, N., Aristovnik, A., & Umek, L. (2019). Exploring critical factors of the perceived usefulness of blended learning for higher education students. PLoS ONE, 14(11), e0223767. Retrieved from 

Kich, M. (2016). Blended learning. In S. Danver (Ed.), The SAGE encyclopedia of online education (pp. 138-142). Thousand Oaks,, CA: SAGE

Koh, J. H. L. (2019). Four Pedagogical Dimensions for Understanding Flipped Classroom Practices in Higher Education: A Systematic Review. Educational Sciences: Theory & Practice, 19(4), 14–33. 

Koskinen, M. (2018). Understanding the needs of adult graduate students: An exploratory case study of a HyFlex learning environment. (Dissertation)

Kyei-Blankson, L, Ntuli, E., Nur-Awaleh, M.A. (2020) Emerging Techniques and Applications for Blended Learning in K-20 Classrooms. Hershey, PA:IGI Global. 

Kyei-Blankson, L., Godwyll, F., Nur-Awaleh, M.A. (2014). Innovative blended delivery and learning: exploring student choice, experience, and level of satisfaction in a HyFlex course. International Journal of Innovation and Learning, 16(3), 243–252. 

Lakhal, S., Khechine, H., &Pascot, D. (2014). Academic students’ satisfaction and learning outcomes in a HyFlex course: Do delivery modes matter? In Proceedings of E-Learn World conference on E-learning in corporate, government, healthcare, & higher education (pp. 1936–1944)

le Roux, I., Nagel, L. (2018). Seeking the best blend for deep learning in a flipped classroom – viewing student perceptions through the Community of Inquiry lens. Int J Educ Technol High Educ 15, 16. 

Malcyzk, B. R. (2019). Introducing Social Work to HyFlex Blended Learning: A Student-centered Approach. Journal of Teaching in Social Work, 39, 414-428.

McGee, P., & Reis, A. (2012). Blended course design: A synthesis of best practices. Journal of Asynchronous Learning Networks, 16(4), 7-22.

McCutcheon, K., Lohan, M., Traynor, M., & Martin, D. (2015). A systematic review evaluating the impact of online or blended learning vs. face‐to‐face learning of clinical skills in undergraduate nurse education. Journal of advanced nursing, 71(2), 255-270.

Mirriahi, N., Joksimović, S., Gašević, D., & Dawson, S. (2018). Effects of instructional conditions and experience on student reflection: a video annotation study. Higher Education Research & Development, 37(6), 1245-1259.

Mirzaie, H., & Grizzie, I. (2016). One size doesn't fit all: HyFlex lets students choose. EDUCAUSE Review.

Sahin, M. (2016). The flipped approach to higher education : designing universities for today's knowledge economies and societies. Bingley, UK : Emerald Group Publishing Limited. EBOOK at Clemson Libraries


Sowell, K., Saichaie, K., Bergman, J., & Applegate, E. (2019). High Enrollment and HyFlex: The Case for an Alternative Course Model. Journal on Excellence in College Teaching, 30(2), 5-28. 


Tselios, N., Daskalakis, S., & Papadopoulou, M. (2011). Assessing the acceptance of a blended learning university course. Educational Technology & Society, 14(2), 224+. Retrieved from 


Vaughn, N.D.     Vaughan, (2013) Teaching in blended learning environments : creating and sustaining communities of inquiry. Edmonton, Alberta : AU Press. Ebook in Cooper Library


6 Models of Blended Learning (2013).

On % of driver modality


Blended Learning Libguide


A Step-By-Step Guide to Designing Blended Online Courses (2019)


Blended & Hybrid Learning (2019)


Blended Learning Toolkit (UCF)


Everheart, F.J. (2018) TEACH Session: Blended Learning. Virginia Tech.


Millichap, N. &  K. Vogt. (2012). Blocks for College Completion: Blended Learning. Report. 

Sample Assessment Table

Edelstein, S. and Edwards, J. (2005). Assessment Table. From “If you build it, they will come: Building learning communities through threaded discussions.” In Teaching Introduction to Sociology as a Hybrid Course. Washington, DC.: American Sociological Association, p. 66. See Appendix 1