body{font-size:16px;) ul li(font-size:16px;} Skip to Main Content

Voting and Elections

Terms to Know

  • Misinformation - Inadvertent sharing of false information

  • Disinformation - Deliberate creation and/or sharing information known to be false 

Definitions by Claire Wardle from "Fake News: It's Complicated," 2017

4 Moves and a Habit

  1. The Habit: Check Your emotions - If you are having a strong emotional reaction, whether it’s anger, frustration, or validation, take a moment and pause. At these times your critical perspective might be diminished when you should be fact-checking. Slow down and use your moves.
  2. Move 1: Check for Previous Work - Many provocative claims on the internet have already been fact-checked or researched. News coverage, trusted online sites, such as Politifact or Snopes, may have a synthesis of the evidence readily available. 

  3. Move 2: Go Upstream to the Source - Check the embedded web links or perform a search to find the original or search for the source of the information. 

  4. Move 3: Read Laterally - Not all sources are created equal. If you are unsure of the quality of the source, read laterally across other trustworthy sites to find more information about the platform or author. 

  5. Move 4: Circle Back - Sometimes reading laterally will suggest that a source is not accurate, is more complex than you thought, or leads to a dead end. Stop and use what you have learned to begin a better-informed search. 

Four Moves and a Habit Infographic from AAC&U

From Mike Caulfield's “Four Moves & A Habit” strategy from his OER Web Literacy for Student Fact-Checkers (CC BY 4.0)

Fact-Checking Websites

Misleading News and How to Spot Trolls

Beyond Fake News - 10 Types of Misleading News