Skip to Main Content


What is plagiarism?

How Clemson defines plagiarism

  • Copying, quoting, paraphrasing, or summarizing from any source without adequate documentation

  • Purchasing a pre-written paper (either by mail or electronically)

  • Letting someone else write a paper for you

  • Paying someone else to write a paper for you

  • Submitting as your own someone else's unpublished work, either with or without permission

What's a citation?

A citation is a string of text, usually in two parts, that refers the reader of a paper back to the source of information. The two parts are usually broken up into:

The inline citation

The inline citation occurs in the main body of the text, and is a short reference to the source. Examples:

Previous research has found that the inclusion of relevant citations lends credence to the arguments of papers (Doe, 2000)


Smith's research shows that new data analysis tools have a high degree of success finding occurrences of plagiarism in student assignments[7]

Here you see that the citations are short, and don't interrupt the flow of reading

The end text citation

The end text citation is a full reference to the original cited work, which allows the reader to locate and use the resource for themselves. Examples:

Doe, John (2000). Why you should cite things. Journal of citing things, 14(7), 134-137. Web link.


[7] Smith, John. I wrote a book. Clemson, SC: A book publisher. 2004. Print

Here, the full citations include all the information for where, when, and who published the resource. Also, the citation style determines how information is presented for both the in text and end text citations, so make sure you follow citation style guidelines!