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HIST 3040 - Industrialism and the Progressive Era (Grant)

Required Reading

Sin in the Second City

Print copy and ebook available

Bubble in the Sun

Available online

The Populist Vision

Available online

The Search for Order, 1877-1920

Only available in print

Primary Sources

Defining a primary source: 

"A primary source is a document, image or artifact ... created contemporaneously with the event under discussion." (Williams, Historian's Toolbox, 2nd ed., p. 56)

Primary sources are evidence from participants in or eyewitnesses to an event.


  • Diaries, letters, speeches, memoirs/autobiographies, oral interviews, newspaper & magazine articles...
  • Images: photographs, sound & video recordings, maps...
  • Artifacts: coins, receipts, schedules, tombstones, furniture, jewelry, DNA evidence...
  • Public records: birth, death, probate, census records; court cases, official government documents...
  • Creative works:  paintings, movies, statues...


  • Original manuscripts or records
  • Authoritative transcriptions in printed volumes or digital form
  • Reproductions--digital, microfilm, facsimile...

Ask Your Librarian

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Anne Grant
Cooper Library
Room 405