When you think about having to cite sources, it is often in the context of how to avoid plagiarism. However, there is also another practical purpose of citing sources, which is to provide a path for others to find and use works by others.
You will want to provide a way for others to see where you used images, sounds, videos you used. You will need to think about how you will give rhetorically appropriate credit to the creators.
|Location of Attribution||How to Include|
|Visual Presentation||Next to text or below it and a full list of citations at the end of the presentation||Using the in-text format when attributing next to text or below it and a list of citations at the end|
|Video||End of video||Credits instead of Works Cited|
|Podcast||Throughout your work||Verbal attributions and/or provide a way for your audience to access the information|
|Website||Throughout your work||Hyperlink instead of citations|
Citing Open Media
When citing openly licensed assets (images, videos, sounds, etc.), you have two different options to use. Openly licensed assets include assets with Creative Commons licenses or are in the Public Domain.
✅ Option 1 - Using the Title, Author, License format
Attribution using this form includes displaying the title, author, source, and license type. Another acceptable format is to include the title, author, and license type. Below is an ideal example.
✅ Option 2 - Providing a Regular Citation
1. First, create a regular MLA Citation for Images found on a Website.
Format Structure for Citing Digital Images
Creator's Last name, First name. "Title of the digital image." Title of the website, First name Last name of any contributors, Version (if applicable), Number (if applicable), Publisher, Publication date, URL.
2. Second, add the license type for open media. This is where you want to pay attention to the type of Creative Commons license the media has. You can use the acronyms (CC BY SA) or use the text version (CC Attribution - Share Alike).
Creator's Last name, First name. "Title of the digital image." Title of the website, First name Last name of any contributors, Version (if applicable), Number (if applicable), Publisher, Publication date, URL. License type.
Keep in mind the following:
Other Resources to Help You Cite: