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Genetics & Biochemistry: Citing Sources

Citation Guides

Preferred formats for citations can vary among scholarly disciplines, departments, professors, or individual journal publishers. A few common citation styles in the natural sciences are:

Chemistry: ACS (American Chemical Society) Style


Physics: AIP (American Institute of Physics) Style

  • The AIP Style Manual (4th ed., 1990) is out of print and has not been updated, but is available online in PDF format from the American Institute of Physics. See page 12 for example citations.


General Science: CSE (Council of Science Editors) Style

  • Scientific style and format: the CSE manual for authors, editors, and publishers is available at the Library Services Desk at Cooper Library (4th floor): T 11 .S386 2006
  • The University of North Carolina libraries have created a helpful tutorial for learning CSE style.

See the Clemson Libraries Citation Guides page for additional style guides, including MLA (Modern Language Association, generally humanities), APA (American Psychological Association, generally social sciences), and the Chicago Manual of Style.